Earth is not the only planet that supports life. There are plenty of habitable planets that hold up life. Also, astronomers are looking for a potentially habitable exoplanet. If there is no water on the other planet, life will not flourish. So scientists of NASA are figuring out the plant outside our solar system which is not too far and close from the sun, the star.
There is a goldilocks zone that is fit for life, where the planet can orbit the sun at the right distance, which constitutes water on the surface. Further, here is the list of the latest planet throughout our universe, which is suitable for living.
A new index, the planet has been found with the help of space telescopes and other high tech monitoring devices. Moreover, the recently discovered planet Kepler-442b is about 1,100 light-years away from the earth.
Besides, the new scale builds on previous selection techniques, primarily based on weather. If a planet doesn’t have a favorable climate, it won’t be situated in the “Goldilocks zone.” The correct distance from its sun contains the presence of liquid water.
Author Rory Barnes states
“Basically, we’ve devised a way to take all the observational data that are available and develop a prioritisation scheme. So that as we move into a time when there are hundreds of targets available. We might be able to say, ‘OK, that’s the one we want to start with,”
Kepler-442 is a K-type star in the Lyra constellation, and it is around 1,100 light-years away from Earth. Since January 6, 2015, the star has an extrasolar planet (super-Earth) orbiting in the habitable area, Kepler-442b.
Wolf 1061 is an M class red dwarf star positioned about 14.1 light-years distant in the constellation Ophiuchus. Furthermore, astronomer Stephen Kane’s research into outer space. A renowned exoplanet hunter Kane mostly focuses on finding a new planet that falls on the habitable zone.
“The Wolf 1061 system is important. It is so close, and that gives other opportunities to do follow-up studies to see if it does indeed have life,” Kane said.
It was not only the proximity of Wolf 1061 to Earth that had made Kane and his team an attractive topic. A rocky planet, named Wolf 1061c, is one of the three identified planets in the universe, entirely inside the habitable zone.
With the aid of researchers at the State University of Tennessee, and in Geneva, Switzerland, they were able to gain a better understanding of the star.
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Proxima Centauri b
Proxima Centauri b is an exoplanet orbiting around the red dwarf star called Proxima Centauri. Moreover, the scientist claims that it is the habitable zone. Proxima Centauri is the nearest star to the sun and also part of the triple-star system.
The Centauri Solar System is the most widely known exoplanet. It is about 4.2 light-years (1.3 parsecs, 40 trillion km, or 25 trillion miles) away from the Earth. Further, Proxima Centauri b orbits the star about 0.05 AU at a distance of nearly 11.2 Earth days. It holds an average mass of at least 1.3x Earth mass.
The habitability has not been developed but is unlikely to be habitable because the planet suffers 2,000 times the wind pressure of the Earth from the solar wind. Also, The planet was detected with the method of radial velocity, which indicates periodic Doppler changes in the spectral lines of the host star.
Gliese 667 Cc
Gliese 667 Cc is known as a super-earth. A habitable planet whose mass and diameter are greater than our planet earth. However, it is smaller than giant planets Uranus and Neptune. Moreover, it is an exoplanet orbiting around the habitable zone of the red dwarf star, Gliese 667 C.
Further, Gliese 667 C is expected to have a radius of around 1.5 R, which depends upon its compositions. The European Southern Observatory’s High Accuracy Radial Velocity Planet Searcher project (HARPS) announced Gliese 667 Cc on 21 November. The exoplanet was found with a radial velocity method (Doppler method).
GJ 667 Cc absorbs slightly more electromagnetic radiation than Earth. It is based on black body temperature measurement, which will make it a little hotter. GJ 667 Cc absorbs slightly more electromagnetic radiation than Earth is based on black body temperature measurement, which will make it a little more warmer.
The planet is locked up in the tidal zone locked up. The opposite side is draped in eternal darkness, with one side continuously facing the star.
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