Japanese Anime or Manga Genres Explained


Everyone seems to watch anime these days. With the rise of the internet, the number of anime fans has risen drastically. One of the best things about anime is that there are so many genres that you can look into whether it is a comedy, adventure, action, or thriller, there is always something that you may like.

But a beginner anime watcher is often lost in translation since the genres are named in Japanese. You may like watching them but are confused about what the name of the genre means. You may want to explore but can’t understand what the genre means. 

Japanese anime like any other show does have a general genre such as action, sci-fi, horror, romance, comedy, and many others. However, we have created a guide of the genres that are EXCLUSIVE to Japanese anime.


Doraemon anime poster
Doraemon/ Wikipedia

Kodomo literally means children in Japanese. Kodomo genre anime is aimed at children between ages six and eleven. They have basic family-friendly stories usually with moral lessons.
For example:

Hello Kitty



Shōnen means “for boys” and these anime or manga are meant for young teenage boys from ages 12 to 18. Shounen usually includes themes of friendship, fighting, and humorous plots with male characters and attractive female characters.

For example:
Dragon Ball Z

One Piece

Boku No Hero Academia (My Hero Academia)


Cardcaptor sakura poster
Cardcaptor Sakura/ Pinterest

Shōjo means “girls” and these anime or manga are meant for girls in the demographic age of 7 to 19. Shoujo anime and manga usually have better art and “girly” visuals.

For example:

Cardcaptor Sakura

Sailor Moon



death note poster
Death Note/ Pinterest

Seinen is an anime or manga targeted towards young adult men between the ages of 18 and 45. Seinen focuses on action, sci-fi, politics, psychology, thriller, sports, or comedy.

For example:

Tokyo Ghoul

Death Note



Josei is an anime and manga catered towards young adult women between the ages of 18 and 45. They usually have mostly female main casts and have comedy, romance, and slice of life elements.

For example:

Paradise Kiss



Hentai is anime or manga with pornographic themes. They contain erotic scenes including sexual intercourse and nudity. They include themes of Harem (one male character around multiple female characters) or Reverse Harem.


Kill la kill poster
Kill A Kill/ Wikipedia

Ecchi means “pervert” or “naughty” in Japanese. Ecchi manga or anime have sexual innuendos, sexual humor, partial nudity, and other sexual content with actually showing sex scenes.

For example:

High School DxD

Kill la Kill


Isekai is an anime or manga where the protagonist or the characters of the anime are transported to a different world into a game or another dimension.

For example:

Sword Art Online



Gundam 00 poster
Gundam 00/ Pinterest

Mecha is an anime or manga that has sci-fi or futuristic element where the character is robots or controlling robots. This might appear scenario of battles or wars.

span style=”font-weight: 400;”>For example:

Ghost In The Shell

Gundam 00

Slice of Life

Slice of Life anime or manga has a story that portrays the mundane daily life or events of the characters. They contain may or may not character development or plot points. They usually have comedy plots.

For example:



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