Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy in women. Further, in this disease, the blood sugar of a pregnant woman risen up in high amounts. Also, it occurs after the first trimester and solves directly after the birth of a baby. But, she must be under supervision by experts.
Two gestational diabetes does exist. Class A1, women can manage it by eating a healthy diet and exercising. Likewise, insulin or other medicines must be taken for those with class A2.
If you’re pregnant or want to know about this diabetes, then read this article till the end.
Causes of Gestational Diabetes
Scientists don’t know what causes and why certain women develop gestational diabetes. However, according to some sources, as you feed, your pancreas releases insulin, which helps move glucose from your blood to your cells for energy.
The placenta releases hormones during pregnancy that cause blood glucose to accumulate. Normally, you can send enough insulin to deal with your pancreas. But, if the body is unable to produce insulin, then the blood sugar rises, and diabetes can be seen.
As the baby grows, hormones that resist insulin are produced in the placenta. Placental hormones increase blood sugar levels in gestational diabetes to the degree that can affect your baby’s growth and well-being. Gestational diabetes usually develops in the last half of pregnancy, occasionally in the twentieth week, but not until later.
Risk Factor That Indulges In Gestational Diabetes
There is some risk factor that can lead to gestational diabetes:
- You’re at a peak risk if you were overweight before pregnancy.
- Your age can be a matter; if yore above 25, then you can be the at the radius of Diabetes.
- High blood pressure, diabetes before pregnancy, or any family member has diabetes.
- If you’ve given birth to a big baby.
Diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes
In many women, no symptoms of gestational diabetes are seen. Early in your pregnancy, your doctor will determine your diabetes risk factors. Your doctor will evaluate the correct testing if you have risk factors for gestational diabetes.
Routine diabetes screening includes oral glucose testing. The test requires the use of Glucola, which consists of 50 g glucose, often called 50 g OGTT. The test requires a sweetened drink. A blood check tests how the body metabolizes this solution.
Complications in Gestational Diabetes
This disease cause problem in utilizing glucose. Your pancreas produces a lot of insulin (the hormone that is responsible for “releasing” cells to allow glucose to penetrate and generate energy). Still, it is stopped by a condition known as insulin resistance.
Now, blood glucose (or blood sugar) builds up in the bloodstream when insulin fails to function correctly, which results in gestational diabetes. The fetus can be large for a date when a female with diabetes keeps the excess glucose received from a mother as fat, which is called “macrosomia.”
A big baby may have a harder time going down the birth canal. Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and jaundice are also potential risks to the baby.
Treatment And Prevention
Gestational diabetes requires dietary change, exercise, or insulin injection therapy to ensure that mother glucose levels remain as close as possible to normal and to prevent mother and baby complications. Further, females with gestational diabetes are also encouraged to test their blood glucose frequently.
There is no safe way of preventing diabetes, but pre-conception planning can help prevent it by reducing some gestational diabetes risk factors such as excess weight. Further, prevention can be done by maintaining a healthy lifestyle, being active, and eating a healthy diet.
- Eating healthy
Following a proper diet can decrease the rate of risk of diabetes. Further, good food can help you to lose weight, which is a plus point.
- Keep active
Keeping your life active, proper exercise is a must. A light exercise or jogging can make your metabolism fast and can help to metabolize glucose in a faster manner. Further, yoga is also a better option that can maintain peace of life.
The above mentioned are the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of the disease is given. Further, women must be concerned about pregnancy, as it is the most crucial and vital part of life. Also, she should go for proper counseling or consultation.